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Shaping sexual behaviors/sexual scripts

Sexist Attitudes in Adolescents

Full Article Title: Sexist Attitudes in Adolescents: Prevalence and Associated Factors

Open Access: Yes

Abstract

Gender violence is a major public health issue. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sexist attitudes that could be associated with said violence, and to identify some sociodemographic variables that predict sexism. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted with 723 adolescents between the ages of 14 to 19. Their explicit sexist attitudes were measured with the EVAMVE and EARG scales, and their implicit attitudes were measured with a series of assessment items regarding the behavior of the protagonists of a video and a story in which a young couple interacts. Explicit and implicit sexist attitudes were detected in adolescents of both sexes. Qualitatively, the assessment of the behavior of the female protagonist is striking. Regarding the sexism predictors, it was found that male adolescents, those born outside of Spain, those who were studying in a public school, those whose parents did not have university studies, and those who consumed the most pornography presented attitudes that were significantly more sexist. These results suggest that it is necessary to strengthen education in equality and prevention of gender violence in adolescents, and to develop affective-sexual education programs.

Relevance

“Gender-based violence is a major social and public health problem. It is present in all population groups, including adolescents, and is related to the existence of a patriarchal society structured from gender inequality.” In this study of high schools in the province of Tenerife, sexist attitudes “were more accentuated” in adolescents who, among other factors, “had had greater exposure to pornographic content.”

 

Citation

Vila-Cortavitarte, E., Díaz-Gómez, N. M., & Díaz-Gómez, J. M. (2022). Sexist Attitudes in Adolescents: Prevalence and Associated Factors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(19), Article 12329. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912329