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Cyber Crime

Violation by Sexual Image Distribution, “Revenge Pornography”, Cyberabuses, and Prevention

Violation by sexual image distribution, “revenge pornography”, cyberabuses, and preventionFull Article Title: Violation by Sexual Image Distribution, “Revenge Pornography”, Cyberabuses, and Prevention

Open Access: Yes

Abstract

The sixth edition of the International Report is concerned with the overarching theme of cybercrime and how does one prevent it. As in previous publications, this new edition starts with an international overview of crime and its prevention. Four separate chapters then look in more detail at cybercrime-related issues such as crime in a digital world, cybercrimes, cybercriminals and cybervictims, cybercrime prevention approaches and public-private partnerships in cybercrime prevention. Published every two years since 2008, the International Report provides essential information and tools to help governments, local authorities, international organizations and practitioners implement successful crime prevention policies in their countries, cities and communities.

Chapter of Interest: Violation by Sexual Image Distribution, “Revenge Pornography”, Cyberabuses, and Prevention

Introduction Violation by way of the distribution of sexual images or image-based sexual abuse or non-consensual “pornography”, or more colloquially and simply, “revenge porn”, entail the online, at times offline, non-consensual distribution, or sharing, of explicit images of someone else for seeking revenge, entertainment or political motives. Although male ex-partners are reported as the main perpetrators, current partners, (ex-)friends of both victims and perpetrators, people known to the victim, people seeking revenge for friends, internet hackers and trolls, amongst others, may also be involved (Tyler, 2016). The negative impact it has on victims is significant and profound in terms of physical and psychological health and well-being, as with many other forms of gender and sexual violence and abuse. Victims report a host of negative effects: feelings of humiliation, shame, embarrassment and reputation damage with intimate partners, family, friends, work colleagues and, in public; sexual shame, sexual problems and body image issues with intimate partners; education and employment disruptions; becoming paranoid and hyper-vigilant, and concerned for personal safety. For example, some have reported being stalked, harassed and threatened with gang rape because of their personal information was also made public. Some victims have even taken their own lives (Citron & Franks, 2014).

    Citation

    Hall, M., & Hearn, J. (2018). Violation by sexual image distribution, “revenge pornography”, cyberabuses, and prevention. In Madriaza, P., de Palacio, A . Ponsot, A-S., Lemaire, P-A., Autixier, C., & Maury, S. (eds.), 6th International Report on Crime Prevention and Community Safety: Preventing Cybercrime (pp. 103-105). https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A1278905&dswid=8776